Ask the client the questions below about known medical conditions. Examinations and tests are not necessary. If she answers "no" to all of the questions, then she can start progestin-only injectables if she wants. If she answers "yes" to a question, follow the instructions. In some cases she can still start progestin-only injectables.

 

1.    Are you breastfeeding a baby less than 6 months old?

Check Here for No NO   Check Here for YesYES She can start using progestin-only injectables as soon as 6 weeks after childbirth (see Fully or nearly fully breastfeeding or Partially breastfeeding).

 

2.    Do you have severe cirrhosis of the liver or severe liver tumor?

Check Here for No NO   Check Here for YesYES If she reports severe cirrhosis or severe liver tumor, such as liver cancer, do not provide progestin-only injectables. Help her choose a method without hormones.

 

3.    Do you have high blood pressure?

Check Here for No NO   Check Here for YesYES

Check her blood pressure if possible:

  • If she is currently being treated for high blood pressure and it is adequately controlled, or her blood pressure is below 160/100 mm Hg, provide progestin-only injectables.
  • If systolic blood pressure is 160 mm Hg or higher or diastolic blood pressure is 100 or higher, do not provide progestin-only injectables. Help her choose another method, one without estrogen.
  • If she reports having high blood pressure in the past, and you cannot check blood pressure, provide progestin-only injectables.
 

4.    Have you had diabetes for more than 20 years or damage to your arteries, vision, kidneys, or nervous system caused by diabetes?

Check Here for No NO   Check Here for YesYES Do not provide progestin-only injectables. Help her choose another method, one without estrogen.

 

5.    Have you ever had a stroke, blood clot in your leg or lungs, heart attack, or other serious heart problems?

Check Here for No NO   Check Here for YesYES If she reports heart attack, heart disease due to blocked or narrowed arteries, or stroke, do not provide progestin-only injectables. Help her choose another method, one without estrogen. If she reports a current blood clot in legs (affecting deep veins, not superficial veins) or in a lung and she is not on anticoagulant therapy, help her choose a method without hormones.

 

6.    Do you have vaginal bleeding that is unusual for you?

Check Here for No NO   Check Here for YesYES If she has unexplained vaginal bleeding that suggests pregnancy or an underlying medical condition, progestin-only injectables could make diagnosis and monitoring of any treatment more difficult. Help her choose a method to use while being evaluated and treated (but not implants or a copper-bearing or hormonal IUD). After treatment, re-evaluate for use of progestin-only injectables.

 

7.    Do you have or have you ever had breast cancer?

Check Here for No NO   Check Here for YesYES Do not provide progestin-only injectables. Help her choose a method without hormones.

 

8.    Do you have several conditions that could increase your chances of heart disease (coronary artery disease) or stroke, such as high blood pressure and diabetes?

Check Here for No NO   Check Here for YesYES Do not provide progestin-only injectables. Help her choose another method, one without estrogen.

 

Also, women should not use progestin-only injectables if they report having lupus with positive (or unknown) antiphospholipid antibodies and not on immunosuppressive treatment, or severe thrombocytopenia. For complete classifications, see Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use

Be sure to explain the health benefits and risks and the side effects of the method that the client will use. Also, point out any conditions that would make the method inadvisable, when relevant to the client.